Understanding the impact of Earth Observation for sustainable urban development

Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) is a programme from the European Space Agency (ESA) with the overall objective to start the integration of satellite information products & services, as ‘best- practice’ environmental information, in the planning and implementation of the development projects, programmes and activities of the International Financial Institutions (IFIs), together with their respective developing country partners.

Since 2016, the three-year EO4SD-Urban programme has provided Earth Observation (EO) support to three IFIs, covering 17 IFI programmes in 31 unique cities across 15 countries.

This evaluation was commissioned by ESA to understand the impact of the EO4SD- Urban programme specifically, and the impact of EO for urban sustainability more broadly. The overall objective is to improve the space sector’s evidence base and communication of the expected impacts of and learnings from the use of EO products for developing world urban centres.